Written and originally released in 1959 by Hank Ballard and the Midnighters (as a B-sideto “Teardrops on Your Letter”), Chubby Checker‘s 1960 cover version gave birth to the Twist dance craze as it reached #1 on the Billboard Hot 100 on September 19 of that year.

Setting a record as the only song to reach the top of the US pop charts in two different hit parade runs when it resurfaced at #1 for two weeks starting on January 13, 1962, in 2014, Billboard magazine declared the song the “biggest hit” of the 1960s.